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The LPN program, also known as the licensed practical nurse program prepares individuals with the knowledge, techniques and procedures of a medical nurse. Mostly, the LPN program provides instruction in the administration of medication and treatment of the sick, disabled and injured. During the internship of the LPN program, you are allowed to assist a physician in his examination and treatment of the patient.
The LPN program usually lasts about one or two years. It involves training in anatomy, physiology, medications and practical patient care. After finishing the program, these nurses have to renew their license periodically in order to continue to practice.
There is a similar program that attracts specialized nurses. The BSN degree usually lasts for four years and is preferred by most nursing leaders. This is very useful as with this degree you can apply for better paid and difficult position in your job as a nurse.
The LPN program and the BSN degree are usually very popular as they have a very flexible class schedule. This is very important for individuals that work because they can attend to the courses without having to affect their work time table. These programs give credit for having completed the liberal arts requirements, allowing one to complete the nursing portion of coursework in two academic years or less.
In addition to the LPN program and the BSN program, there is a second variation of the BSN program, the accelerated BSN program. This is optional to students who are studying the traditional BSN program. It is the same as the traditional program; the only difference is the time of completion. The accelerated BSN program takes about twelve months to finish though.
The LPN program trains nurses to perform simple as well as complex medical procedures. Most LPN nurses must operate under the supervision of a professional registered nurse (RN) or a physician. LPN nurses are taught to administer most medications, including most IV push medications, to perform measurements of the blood pressure, temperature or other, to maintain patient records, to help with patient care planning. They can also perform surgery, first aid, CPR, sterile and isolation procedure, and basic care.
In the United States of America there are about 700000 people who work as licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses. They are called enrolled nurses (ENs) in Australia and state enrolled nurses (SENs) in the United Kingdom.
In the United Kingdom the LPN program, or the state enrolled nursing qualification can no longer be gained. Students prior to the year 2000 used to fallow the first twelve months of training to become state registered nurses and another twelve months of training before becoming registered. These auxiliary nurses, also known as healthcare assistants or clinical support workers now have a lot more tasks then they had before. Today in the United Kingdom there are fewer and fewer state enrolled nurses still in practice and most of them are experienced and have the same responsibilities, obligations and knowledge as any state registered nurse. The difference between them is that state enrolled nurses have to work under supervision of physicians or other level one or state registered nurses. Different from the United States of America, in the United Kingdom after the implementation of Project 2000 the face of nurse education was altered. The tendency implemented by this project means that there is no more training, similar to LPN program in the United States.