California has a Board, called the Board of Vocational Nursing and Psychiatric Technicians. This board has the responsibility of licensing nurses in their particular state. An LPN training course first involves having a high school diploma or GED. Usually entrance exams are required at most schools. The course of study for the PN student is usually between 12-24 months. Some of the required courses include the following: Fundamentals of Nursing, Anatomy and Physiology, Nutrition, Medical-Surgical nursing, Pharmacology, Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Psychiatric nursing and a clinical component supervised by an instructor. The training for the PN student can take place at a community college, private college or trade school.
Once an LPN graduates from a school, they are eligible to take the licensing exam called the NCLEX-PN. Upon passing this exam, the person is now licensed and able to work in their state.
LPN's are usually supervised by a Registered Nurse (RN) or a physician. LPN's work in many different areas besides hospitals. They also work in clinics, long term care facilities, home health nursing, prisons, and can teach in LPN programs. The greatest need for LPN's is going to be in home health care and long term care”the higher demand for this occupation results from the aging baby boomer population and a general increase in demand for more health care services.
The LPN is a person who can walk a mile in another person's shoes. The nurse needs to have empathy and be a caring and confident individual. With professional advantages and personal rewards, the role of the LPN has it all.